Before you begin with any skin care regime, the basic thing that you need to follow is to learn about the type of skin that you possess. It is so important to understand your skin behaves the way it does because, like us all, you all want to prolong its beauty and health and avoid unnecessary damage and many of us either don’t understand our skin type or have misdiagnosed it altogether.
There are four general skin types: oily, dry, normal and combination. In addition, it is possible to have sensitive skin along with one of the four general types.
- Dry Skin: If your skin has a strong tendency toward dehydration, lacks oil, and has few breakouts if any at all, it is considered dry. In more extreme cases, dry skin lacks elasticity and can be extremely sensitive to the sun, wind, and cold temperatures. Wash your face once a day with a rich, creamy cleanser and warm water.
Treatment: Rinse with warm water (not hot water) and pat your skin dry (do not rub). Use toner to help with that tight and flaky feeling of dehydration. Avoid toners and makeup that contain alcohol as alcohol-based products have a drying effect on skin. Use a cream-based lotion to hydrate your skin and keep it rejuvenated.Try massaging your skin to increase the flow of natural oils.
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- Oily Skin: If your skin is oily, it usually has a lot of shine to it very soon after cleansing and the pores are generally slightly enlarged. It is more prone to pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads than other skin types and is coarser in texture. Although there are many disadvantages that go along with this skin type, people with oily skin are less likely to deal with visible effects of aging prematurely, including taking longer for discoloration and wrinkles to appear on the face.
Treatment: Your skin tends to attract more dirt than dry skin, so wash your face twice a day with a gentle non-foaming cleanser and warm water. Rinse with warm water. Use an alcohol-free, hydrating toner to help remove additional residue. Oil blotting sheets through out the day can help control shine, and it takes as little as 3 minutes after lunch. Although your skin’s oily, you still must moisturize it with a light moisturizer daily, or your skin will become dry underneath and overcompensate by producing more oil.
help: clear skin can assist with acne breakouts as it limits the growth of acne bacteria from the inside, reducing the blemishes associated with acne and assisting in the repair of damaged skin cells caused by blemishes. Clinical studies have also shown that daily use resulted in a reduction of skin oiliness
- Normal Skin: This skin type is coveted by all and is well balanced. It is neither dry nor greasy and considerably easier to cleanse and treat than other skin types. Some consider normal skin to be combination skin, but it is not. If your skin is oily in the “T zone” and your nose while dry and taut on the cheeks, it is considered normal. It’s also considered normal if it changes with seasons (dryer in winter, oilier in summer). Normal skins can also be ‘Normal-To’s’ as in normal to oily or normal to dry.
Treatment: Normal skin requires a simple care routine and needs the least amount of upkeep. However, maintenance and preventative skin care is still a must. Wash your face with cleansers that are designed for your normal/normal-to skin type. Wipe an alcohol free, hydrating toner all over the face. Apply moisturizer more frequently to dry skin.
- Combination Skin: This is the most common and has traits of more than one skin type. Combination skin is comprised of two extreme skin types on one face. These situations occur when there is acne and a lot of oil in one area when the rest of the skin is generally dry (no oil). Two common examples are dry skin with papular and pustular acne on the cheeks or a normal skin with inflamed papular and pustular acne in the chin and mouth area. This skin type needs balancing and requires more care than normal skin.
Treatment: To achieve this delicate balance, alternate treatments to accommodate both distinctly different types of facial skin. Deep cleansing and regular exfoliation help to keep skin clear and minimize blemishes especially in the “T-zone”. If you are suffering from acne try taking help: clear skin daily to fight the bacteria associated with acne from the inside.
- Sensitive Skin: Please note that you may have sensitive skin and normal, oily, or dry. If your skin has allergic reactions to beauty products and is usually sensitive to the sun, wind, and cold weather, it is sensitive. Sensitivity can show up in rash, redness, inflammation, acne, and dilated capillaries. Sensitive skin may also become fragile or thin with age or from medications.
Treatment: Sensitive skin requires sensitive care – it needs to be treated gently, first and foremost, by avoiding irritating products. Also, steer clear of over-stimulating by excessive rubbing, heat, aggressive exfoliation or extractions.
Look for cleansers, toners, make-up, and moisturisers that are fragrance-free and hypo-allergenic. Cleanse, tone and moisturise with gentle products everyday. The idea for your skin is to always choose products with a soothing benefit. Some common ingredients to look for are: chamomile, azulene, bisabolol, allantoin, lavender, camphor, calamine, rosemary, thyme, aloe vera etc.
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